Not All Radiant Barriers Are Created Equal
The attic accounts for a tremendous amount of lost energy. Homeowners who venture into the space are often hit with a wall of heat, sometimes reaching 165 degrees. When this heat makes its way into the home, energy efficiency drops and cooling costs rise.
The U.S. Department of Energy recognizes radiant barriers as a way to reduce summer heat gain and lower cooling energy usage. An independent study in 2010 by ConSol reinforced this, finding that radiant barrier sheathing is a top energy-efficient technology when building a new home.
The study indicated that radiant barrier sheathing is one of the top three energy-efficient technologies in new home construction in terms of performance, cost and return on investment.
Correctly installed, radiant barrier sheathing can block up to 97 percent of the radiant heat in the roof panel from entering the attic. This can lower the temperature in the attic by as much as 30 degrees and reduce cooling costs by up to 17 percent. A cooler attic will benefit your attic-installed air handling system and in some cases reduce the tonnage required in an HVAC system.
To be considered a radiant barrier, a product must adhere to industry standards set by the American Society of Testing and Materials International. A radiant barrier may not transfer more than 10 percent of the radiant heat energy applied to it.
But even with these strict standards, not all radiant barriers are the same. One critical factor to keep in mind is how the radiant barrier handles moisture during and after the construction phase.
Radiant barrier sheathing typically consists of a structural OSB panel with a layer of aluminum adhered to the surface. Some manufacturers perforate the foil layer to protect against moisture issues. Yet this may not necessarily allow the panel to breathe, because the perforations do not extend into the panel. An added challenge is that the adhesive used to apply the radiant barrier to the substrate can fill in the perforations, decreasing the ability of moisture in the panel to escape.
One product on the market, LP® TechShield® Radiant Barrier Sheathing, addresses the issue of moisture through the use of innovative technology. LP’s patented VaporVents™ technology features incisions that penetrate past the foil and glue and into the wood fiber, allowing the panels to breathe and moisture to escape.
In tests, VaporVents technology allowed the LP TechShield panel to dry almost as efficiently as OSB sheathing without a radiant barrier.
“VaporVents technology allows LP TechShield panels to dry within two percent of standard OSB sheathing while other products that use pre-perforated foil showed a significant amount of moisture still in the panel after 80 days of drying,” said David Drew, OSB Technical Sales Manager for LP Building Products.